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Smith Machine vs Squat Rack: Which Works Better?

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Although Smith machines and power racks are both used for squats, they’re not quite the same. Each holds a set of pros and cons that can largely affect your workout.

What makes the squat rack vs Smith machine different? The Smith machine is a more stable self-spotting equipment since the weight moves on a fixed track and direction. On the other hand, the squat rack allows free motion and more versatility in terms of exercises that can be performed.

Smith Machine vs Squat Rack

What is a squat rack?

A squat rack is a piece of equipment used to help you perform squats. It has a barbell holder and safety spotters (or bars) that can be raised or lowered, depending on your height. You can also use it for other exercises, such as bench press, shoulder press, deadlift and more.

Squat racks are typically sold in sets made up of two or three separate pieces: the frame, the bar holders, and safety spotters (also known as pins). Before purchasing one for your home gym or your own gym business, make sure that it’s sturdy enough to handle heavy weights without wobbling or swaying side-to-side too much—and make sure its safety features are working properly. Otherwise, there may be some accidents waiting to happen.

The squat rack is an essential piece of equipment for any gym. It allows you to perform squats and other exercises safely, without having a spotter nearby. Thus, a squat rack is for people for anyone working out without an available spotter. It’s a great way to get your barbell squats in when you’re alone.


  • Easy to move around
  • Lighter in weight
  • Does not take up a lot of space
  • Cheaper option

Could be better:

  • Less stable with heavier weights
  • Not enough safety features during a failed squat
  • Racking a barbell requires more caution
Athlete training with  Squat Rack

Our recommended squat racks

If you’re looking for a squat rack, we recommend the Titan Fitness T3 Series Power Rack. It’s a solid choice that’ll last you years and years without breaking—and it’ll give you plenty of room to work out in. It’s also really easy to assemble.

Titan Fitness T3 Series Power Rack

The Rogue Fitness 90 Monster Lite Squat Stand is another great option for garage gyms. Though it doesn’t offer quite as much stability as some other squat racks to make way for its smaller, more compact frame, it does have an impressive weight capacity and has been known to hold up well under heavy loads in our testing.

Rogue Fitness SML-2 Monster Lite Squat Stand

What is a Smith machine?

A Smith machine is a weight training machine used to perform barbell exercises. It consists of a barbell and a guide mechanism that allows the user control over the path of motion and trajectory to provide a vertical support for the barbell. The user can also control how much weight they lift more easily with this type of equipment than if they were using a squat rack. 

The Smith machine has become a common piece of equipment used in commercial gyms, but there are some disadvantages to it as well. First and foremost, the lack of free motion can limit the development of certain muscle groups in a Smith machine vs free weights. As a result, it is not as effective as other types of equipment when it comes to increasing strength and muscle size.

Another disadvantage of using the Smith machine is that it can be dangerous if used incorrectly. If proper form is not followed, you could injure yourself. Additionally, there are some exercises that cannot be performed with this type of equipment, specifically those that require free motion.


  • Offers stabilized weight
  • Safer option 
  • Promotes proper posture
  • Suitable for beginners
  • Offers impressive stability even with heavier weights

Could be better:

  • Only supports fixed motions
  • Lacks in versatility
  • Difficult to remove the barbell
  • Does not recruit secondary muscle stabilizers
Athlete training on Smith Machine

Our recommended Smith Machine

We recommend the Titan Fitness Smith Machine. This machine is heavy duty and features a solid steel frame that can handle up to 600 lbs of weight. It comes with premium safety features such as two adjustable safety catches that makes it a safe equipment even for beginners or older people. With the durability of this Smith machine’s build, you can expect it to last for a long time with proper use and maintenance.

Titan Fitness Smith Machine

Smith machine vs squat rack: detailed comparison

The following are the key differences between a power rack vs Smith machine.

1. Space requirement

The Smith machine is more space-consuming than squat racks. If you have limited space, the smaller and more compact models of squat racks are a better option because they take up less space and can be easily stored away when not in use.

While there are squat racks that can accommodate Olympic barbells and plate weights, those particular ones take up a lot of room since they need to be adjustable to fit different sizes of equipment.


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2. Fixed vs free movement

The type of movement they allow is the main difference between Smith machine and squat rack. 

A fixed-motion machine is exactly what it sounds like: a piece of equipment with a fixed range of motion. This means you can only move the barbell within that set range, which is usually pretty limited. The Smith machine, for example, is one type of fixed-motion machine that’s meant to mimic the barbell squat or bench press using a bar attached to rails on either side.

Free-motion machines (or sometimes called universal machines) allow you to move the barbell freely and perform any exercise you want without worrying about hitting your knees or elbows against anything along the way. A squat rack is an example of this kind of machine; its open design allows for unrestricted movement as well as more versatility when it comes to choosing exercises for your workout routine.

3. Versatility

The Smith machine is less versatile than a squat rack. While you can do many different exercises with a Smith machine, you won’t be able to perform other exercises that require free weights and free motions. 

The squat rack, on the other hand, has many attachments that allow it to support more movements than just squats. This includes dips and chin-ups which are not possible on the Smith machine. It also offers more usability since it allows free-motion exercises.

Squat Rack

4. Stability and safety

When it comes to stability and safety, the Smith machine is king. This is due to its fixed barbell system that keeps you and your weight from tipping over as you lift.

The squat rack, on the other hand, requires more stabilization on your part. This means that even if all of the equipment were in perfect working order—and it’s likely not—you would still have to be careful with how you place your feet and grip the bars. 

With that being said, there are many different kinds of squat racks out there: some will have a less-pronounced frame than others; some will require more safety precautions than others; some might even include extra padding or support mechanisms for people who struggle with balance issues. There are also models that has a Smith machine with squat rack in one.

So, if you’re looking for a place to start, we recommend the Smith machine for its unparalleled stability and safety. The squat rack is still a viable option, though—just be sure to ask your gym whether it has any extra padding or support mechanisms before trying them out!

Workout smith machine

5. Maximum weight

The Smith machine is designed to hold a lot of weight, making it suitable for advanced lifters who are crushing heavy weights. And since it is more stable, it can inevitable withstand heavier load. Meanwhile, the squat rack isn’t as stable when loaded with excessive weight because it uses free-standing posts rather than fixed bearings that support the bar. 

The stability you get from a Smith machine will help you perform your exercises with more confidence and control, regardless of how heavy your lift is.

6. Durability

Durability is a very important factor when it comes to purchasing fitness equipment. The quality of materials used, how often you use the equipment, and which brand you buy are all factors that affect durability.

It is generally regarded that Smith machines and squat racks provide equal levels of durability since both types of equipment are designed by experts who know what they’re doing. However, there may be some brands that have better quality than others so it’s best to check reviews before making a decision. From personal experience, I can say that both pieces of equipment last quite long if you maintain and use them properly.

Athlete use a smith machine

7. Spotter

This is a feature that you may or may not have to deal with. If you’re lifting alone though, this is a huge consideration. If your muscles fail and you can no longer get back up, you’ll need a spotter in order to help lift the bar until you’re ready again.

In this department, the Smith machine wins due to its slide rail feature. You can set up built-in support if you’re having a hard time completing your reps and sets without an actual person around to lend their hand (or at least their presence). Since squat racks work in free motion, there’s a bigger chance of you tipping over and hurting yourself when your muscles fail.

8. Muscle recruitment

The Smith machine is better for beginners since it has a fixed trajectory that removes the balance requirement from you. However, this reduces the recruitment of secondary stabilizers such as the muscles in your lower back, abs, and hips.

On the other hand, if you’re more experienced with lifting weights then I would suggest using a squat rack instead. The reason why is because when you perform squats on a squat rack you need to stabilize yourself against an unstable object (the bar) which will strengthen and challenge your secondary stabilizers and improve balance. Furthermore, it’s also important to note that working out with a squat rack will strengthen your upper body too!

9. Price point

Athlete using a squat rack

Price is a major factor when deciding which type of machine to buy. The price of Smith machines and squat racks can vary greatly depending on their quality and features, but generally, squat racks are cheaper than Smiths. So if you’re looking for an inexpensive option that still gets the job done, consider a squat rack instead of a Smith machine.


Is it OK to squat with a Smith machine?

Yes, especially if you’re new to the gym and want to work on your form before moving onto barbell squats.

If you have bad knees or back issues that make squatting painful or difficult, then using a Smith machine may be the better equipment to squat with. Many people who suffer from these problems find that they can still work out effectively with this machine without aggravating their injuries.

How much weight is taken off by a Smith machine?

You may have experienced this if you own or have used a Smith machine: the weight seems lighter than it should be. This is because the bar is fixed in place. While it’s difficult to identify the exact amount of weight it takes off, with a standard barbell that weighs 45 pounds, the Smith machine can take off about 10 or 15 pounds.

Is it worth getting a Smith machine?

If you have trouble with your form while performing squats or bench presses without a spotter, it’s a good idea to get yourself one. A Smith machine is also great for beginners who are still learning how to do these exercises.

It’s important to note that the Smith machine isn’t just beneficial for beginner lifters—it can be useful at any level of physical fitness. If you’re looking for an easy way to improve your strength and form, a Smith machine is definitely worth it.


If you’re looking for a way to lift heavy weights with less risk of injury, the Smith machine definitely has its benefits. But if you’re an experienced lifter or someone who enjoys seeing progress in their workouts, then a squat rack may be preferable.

Feel free to share your thoughts or leave some questions in the comment section below.

Also read:


  1. Smith Machine vs. Free Weights: Which Is More Effective for Strength Training? // LiveStrong:                                                      
  2. Photos made by Torokhtiy Media Team.

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Ihor Shymechko

Author: Ihor Shymechko
Pro Olympic Weightlifter, Coach

Experience: 26 years
Best Results: Snatch – 208 kg,
C&J – 240 kg

Ihor has been a professional weightlifter since 1996, boasting over two decades of competition experience. His notable achievements include clinching the European Championship in 2009 and securing a silver medal in the 105kg division at the Senior World Championships in 2011. Ihor represented his country in the 2008, 2012, and 2016 Summer Olympics. After retiring from competitive weightlifting, he transitioned to coaching, leveraging his vast experience to guide athletes who now compete on both national and international stages.

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