Deadlifts form the foundation of any good lifter's training regime. They work the full posterior chain and help to build power, strength, and better functional movement patterns.
Eccentric deadlifts provide one way to take the deadlift further, focusing on the downward phase where the muscles contract eccentrically. They can be performed using different variations which I’ll discuss below.
I’ve discussed the eccentric deadlift in depth below, looking at the pros, cons, and movement patterns used. Let’s get started!
Eccentric deadlifts place a focus on the downward phase where the muscles contract eccentrically to lower the barbell under control. These can be performed using different variations and lifting tempos, with eccentric deadlift benefits including bigger muscle gains, increased flexibility, and better sports performance.
What is an Eccentric Deadlift?
An eccentric deadlift involves lowering the barbell back to the floor whilst using your posterior chain to keep the weight under control. This means your muscles lengthen at the same time they contract to work against the forces of gravity that act on the barbell weight.
Depending on the deadlift variation, eccentric deadlifts heavily target your glutes, hamstrings, lower back, and core muscles among others. Eccentric deadlifts may be more commonly known as negatives which are also more commonly used for other lifts such as barbell curls.
Eccentric Deadlift Benefits
✅ Increased Time Under Tension
✅ Improved Metabolic Rate
✅ Better Flexibility
✅ Improved Performance
✅ Stronger Connective Tissue
Eccentric Deadlift Cons
❌ Increased Injury Risk
❌ Increase Lumbar Spine Stress
How to do an Eccentric Deadlift
1. Eccentric Romanian Deadlifts
- Assume a shoulder-width stance with your toes pointing forwards and shins nearly touching the bar
- Using a shoulder-width grip, take the slack out of the barbell and pull it off the floor whilst maintaining a neutral spine
- Once your knees are fully extended, brace your core and lower the barbell back down by bending at your hips instead of your spine.
- Maintain a slight bend in the knees and push your hips back until you feel a stretch in your hamstrings
- Focus on lowering the bar down slowly under control by counting to three before the bar touches the floor
2. Accentuated Deadlifts
- Set the J-hooks or safety bars to just above your lockout position
- Load the barbell with 105-130% of your 1RM
- Brace your core, keep your chest up, and face forward. Unrack the barbell and take a step back
- Whilst maintaining a neutral spine, lower the barbell slowly to the ground whilst maintaining control. Count to between 3-5 seconds before the barbell touches the ground
- Unload the plates and return the barbell to the starting position
3. Slow-tempo Eccentrics
- Break your deadlift movement down into four phases - the concentric phase, pause at the top, eccentric phase, and pause at the bottom
- Start with the concentric phase of the deadlift for slow-tempo eccentrics
- Set the desired tempo. For this example let’s use 3-1-0-1.
- 3 = eccentric 1 = bottom pause 0 = concentric 1 = top pause
- Explode up and hold the barbell at the top for one second
- Lower the barbell for three seconds and rest at the bottom for one second
- Repeat this tempo for the desired number of reps and sets
About the Program
Our Deadlift 2.0 program is a 12-week strength plan designed to boost your Deadlift PR.
The program follows a schedule of THREE 60-90 minutes training sessions per week. The training is scheduled for Monday, Wednesday, and Friday, but you can adjust the days to fit your weekly routine, as long as you follow the pattern of one training day followed by one cooldown day, with two days of rest after every third session.
The training is structured into 3 main blocks, with each block lasting for 4 weeks:
Who Is the Program For?
The plan is fit for both male and female athletes and is especially good for Powerlifters and Olympic lifters, but also for fans of deadlifting and strength training. All training requires access to basic equipment.
- Split into 3 block of 4 weeks (12 weeks total)
- 40 unique exercises, with video tutorials
- Pre and post-workout stretch and special warmups
- Mobile friendly PDF version
- LIFETIME access
Is the eccentric portion up or down on a deadlift?
The deadlift can be divided into two distinct movements. These are the concentric and eccentric phases. The eccentric phase involves lowering the bar down to the floor, with your posterior chain working to maintain barbell control.
Should you control the eccentric on a deadlift?
Controlling the eccentric portion of a deadlift is an excellent way to increase time under tension and promote bigger muscle gains. You can drop the bar, however most commercial gyms prefer you to lower it under control to protect the barbell and gym floor.
The eccentric phase of deadlifting involves focusing more on the lowering portion of the deadlift where the muscles contract whilst lengthening to bring the barbell down under control. Eccentric deadlifts have a host of benefits including more muscle growth, increased flexibility, and improved performance.
Different eccentric deadlift variations include eccentric Romanian deadlifts, accentuated deadlifts, and slow-tempo deadlifts. Each has its applications and benefits and can be performed safely using my guides above.
Do you use eccentric deadlifts in your gym program? What's your experiences with them? Let me know in the comments section.
- How to Strengthen Your Posterior Chain Muscles // HealthLine: https://www.healthline.com/health/posterior-chain
- Negative repetition // Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Negative_repetition
- Electromyographic Activity of the Hamstrings During Performance of the Leg Curl, Stiff-Leg Deadlift, and Back Squat Movements // JSCR: https://journals.lww.com/nsca-jscr/abstract/1999/05000/electromyographic_activity_of_the_hamstrings.12.aspx
- The role of metabolites in strength training // Springer: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF00240413
- The effects of eccentric training on lower limb flexibility // BJSM: https://bjsm.bmj.com/content/46/12/838
- Eccentric exercise // Journal of Physiology: https://journals.physiology.org/doi/full/10.1152/japplphysiol.00146.2013?
- Chronic Adaptations to Eccentric Training // Springer: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s40279-016-0628-4
- Eccentric Muscle Contractions // Frontiersin: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fphys.2019.00536/full
Sergii is a professional weightlifter and National team member in the past. Competed in 94 kg w/c, won multiple medals on national competitions.
Nowadays Sergii is responsible for designing training programs, writing blog articles, doing live commentary of international weightlifting competitions, running different sport & fitness educational seminars, including Olympic weightlifting together with Oleksiy Torokhtiy all around the globe.