WEIGHT CATEGORY and HEIGHT

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WEIGHT CATEGORY and HEIGHT

The frequently asked question is: "How much do I need to weigh and in what weight category should I perform?" The answer to this question is not, “whatever feels right.” Trainers and scientists alike have been searching for an answer to this question for many years.

Experience in weightlifting has shown that those athletes whose body metrics meet the requirements of the weight category they choose to perform in will reach high athletic performance. That is, under equal conditions, those weightlifters whose body length and upper and lower limb length are less than their rival’s, are more likely to win.

Known experts in weightlifting [Chernyak, 1978; Medvedev, 1986; Dvorkin, 2005; Oleshko, 2014] have made numerous attempts to determine the optimal body weight values for weightlifters of different categories who have achieved world class results on the international arena. Below are the average body dimensions of world class weightlifters (Table 1).

TABLE 1

Body Dimensions for World Level Weightlifters
at the XXIX and XXX Olympics

Weight category, kg height, сm (ft`inch``)
Champions Top 6 All athletes European athletes Asian athletes
MEN
56 156 (5`1``)
152 (4`12``)
155 (5`1``)
154 (5`1``)
158 (5`2``)
157 (5`2``)
160 (5`3``)
163 (5`4``)
157 (5`2``)
155 (5`1``)
62 161 (5`3``)
158 (5`2``)
161 (5`3``)
162 (5`4``)
159 (5`3``)
159 (5`3``)
161 (5`3``)
160 (5`3``)
160 (5`3``)
158 (5`2``)
69 168 (5`6``)
167 (5`6``)
164 (5`5``)
165 (5`5``)
165 (5`5``)
165 (5`5``)
167 (5`6``)
167 (5`6``)
165 (5`5``)
164 (5`5``)
77 165 (5`5``)
172 (5`8``)
165 (5`5``)
171 (5`7``)
169 (5`7``)
171 (5`7``)
170 (5`7``)
171 (5`7``)
166 (5`5``)
171 (5`7``)
85 172 (5`8``)
170 (5`7``)
173 (5`8``)
175 (5`9``)
171 (5`7``)
173 (5`8``)
172 (5`8``)
173 (5`8``)
173 (5`8``)
173 (5`8``)
94 175 (5`9``)
174 (5`9``)
175 (5`9``)
176 (5`9``)
175 (5`9``)
176 (5`9``)
175 (5`9``)
178 (5`10``)
172 (5`8``)
173 (5`8``)
105 172 (5`8``)
181 (5`11``)
177 (5`10``)
180 (5`11``)
176 (5`9``)
180 (5`11``)
179 (5`10``)
180 (5`11``)
173 (5`8``)
178 (5`10``)
+105 183 (6`)
197 (6`6``)
186 (6`1``)
190 (6`3``)
183 (6`)
186 (6`1``)
184 (6`)
188 (6`2``)
186 (6`1``)
185 (6`1``)
WOMEN
48 152 (4`12``)
150 (4`11``)
149 (4`11``)
147 (4`1``)
149 ( 411``)
150 (4`11``)
152 (4`12``)
156 (5`1``)
149 ( 4`11``)
147 (4`1``)
53 157 (5`2``)
155 (5`1``)
155( 5`1``)
156 (5`1``)
153 (5`)
154 (5`1``)
154 (5`1``)
156 (5`1``)
154 (5`1``)
154 (5`1``)
58 158 (5`2``)
161 (5`3``)
157 (5`2``)
156 (5`1``)
157 (5`2``)
157 (5`2``)
160 (5`3``)
157 (5`2``)
154 (5`1``)
157 (5`2``)
63 155 (5`1``)
161 (5`3``) 
161 (5`3``)
164 (5`5``)
161 (5`3``)
162 (5`4``)
162 (5`4``)
165 (5`5``)
161 (5`3``)
159 (5`3``)
69 160 (5`3``)
163 (5`4``)
165 (5`5``)
161 (5`3``)
163 (5`4``)
161 (5`3``)
164 (5`5``)
161 (5`3``)
161 (5`3``)
160 (5`3``)
75 168 (5`6``)
165 (5`5``)
167 (5`6``)
165 (5`5``)
166 (5`5``)
165 (5`5``)
165 (5`5``)
165 (5`5``)
168 (5`6``)
163 (5`4``)
+ 75 171 (5`7``)
175 (5`9``)
174 (5`9``)
174 (5`9``)
171 (5`7``)
171 (5`7``)
173 (5`8``)
176 (5`9``)
170 (5`7``)
169 (5`7``)

Note: athletes' performance at the XXIX Olympics in Beijing as the upper number; at the XXX Games Olympics in London as the lower number.

Data analysis: Table 1 shows that body length for weightlifters increases with the increase of groups of weight categories – by 1.6%. The average group weight gain in heavyweight (+ 105, +75) weight categories, in comparison to the athletes of the light (56, 48) categories, in Beijing – 15.8%, and at XXX Olympics – 18.5% .

Comparative analysis of body length indicators of men and women of the same weight categories shows a paradoxical situation, which refutes some commonly held assumptions in the growth of the body of athletes of different sexes. At the XXX Olympiсs, body length of all women in the weight category up to 63 kg is higher by 3.0 cm (1.9%) in comparison to the body weight of men in the weight category up to 62 kg. At the XXIX Olympics, in the weight category up to 77 kg in men and 75 kg in women is similar. Body length of female champions is greater than that of the male champions – 3.0 cm (1.7%). At the same time, there are no statistically significant differences in the comparison of general data.

Therefore, it can be said that all athletes of identical male weight categories are not inferior to indicators of the body length of men.

Comparative characteristics of body length of athletes of different sexes among representatives of European and Asian countries show that weightlifters from Asia in all weight categories have a smaller height on average for men by 1-8 cm (1.4%), and among women – by 1-9 cm (1.8%).

Based on this information, we can make a conclusion that adult athletes (men – 23-28 years, women – 20-27 years) who are at the peak of their physical capabilities should focus on the average data of Olympic weightlifters. Junior athletes often perform in 1-2 weight categories lighter and gain weight as the grow older – this allows them to progress as a result.

Source:

From my future book.


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