Nowadays, in order to be a healthy athlete, very often you have to resort to the use of supplements in the form of dietary supplements or vitamin complexes in addition to proper and balanced nutrition. There's an easy solution. The food we find in stores is being heavily processed and does not always contain the optimal amount of nutrients. Regarding the energy consumption of weightlifters and the increased use of macro and microelements, I would like to focus on useful additives used throughout the world.
Today we'll review essential polyunsaturated fatty acids (EFAs).
This is the class of fatty acids (omega-3 = omega-3 fatty acid) we must get from our food, because they are not formed naturally by the human body.
α-Linolenic acid (ALA)
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)
Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA)
Our brain is 60% fatty acids (sphingolipid), phospholipids, and etc. Polyunsaturated fatty acids are there in our brains to protect our nerve cells from damaging factors, in particular free oxygen radicals that are toxic for the nervous system. They take an important role in fat and carbohydrate metabolism, preventing the formation and deposition of "bad cholesterol" in the blood vessels, providing a special function for the athlete - increasing the sensitivity to insulin, reducing the formation of blood clots and increasing stamina. It should be mentioned that polyunsaturated fatty acids serve as a substrate for the formation of sex hormones, in particular testosterone. With increased physical exertion, the body constantly experiences inflammatory processes at the cellular level, which Omega-3 fatty acids successfully cope with.
It's important to note that we get omega-6 fatty acid from certain vegetables, but Omega-3 (namely, dokosaheksaenovoy (DHA) and eikosopentaenovoy (EPA)) only comes from fish – sardines, mackerel, salmon, Atlantic herring, and so on.
In the absence of fresh fish, therefore, it is recommended to consume fish oil in the form of dietary supplements (capsules) on daily basis. Dosage varies from 1-3 grams per day, depending on your physical exertion and physiology. This supplement is an indispensable additional nutrient to a balanced diet of an athlete.